The Official Standard for a breed is a document which describes the ideal
Vizsla Breed Standard and appearance of that breed. AKC official breed standards
are written by the parent breed clubs as guides for breeders to select
outstanding specimens of their particular breed in order to improve breeding
stock and/or performance. New owners can also benefit from knowledge of the
breed standard in evaluating their selection of a dog. AKC judges rely on breed
standards in the judging process and seek to find specimens that most closely
conform to the standard. The standards are published by the AKC and are the
basis for breed education at all levels, novice to expert.
That of a medium-sized, short-coated, hunting dog of distinguished
appearance and bearing. Robust but rather lightly built, the coat is an
attractive shaded golden rust. Originating in Hungary, the Vizsla was bred to
work in field, forest and water. Agile and energetic, this is a versatile dog of
power, drive and endurance in the field yet a tractable and affectionate
companion in the home. It is strongly emphasized that field conditioned coats,
as well as brawny or sinewy muscular condition and honorable scars indicating a
working and hunting dog are never to be penalized in this dog. The requisite
instincts and abilities to maintain a "dual dog" are always to be fostered and
appreciated, never depreciated.
Lean and muscular. Skull moderately wide between the ears with a
median line down the forehead. Stop between skull and foreface is moderate.
Foreface or muzzle is of equal length or slightly shorter than skull
when viewed in profile, should taper gradually from stop to tip of nose. Muzzle
square and deep. It should not turn up as in a "dish" face nor should it turn
down. Whiskers serve a functional purpose; their removal is permitted but not
preferred. Nostrils slightly open. Nose self-colored. Any other color is faulty.
A partially or completely black nose is a disqualification. Freckles
due to aging or sun exposure are not to be faulted. Ears, thin, silky
and proportionately long, with rounded-leather ends, set fairly low and hanging
close to cheeks. Jaws are strong with well developed white teeth
meeting in a scissors bite. Eyes medium in size and depth of setting,
their surrounding tissue covering the whites. Color of the iris should blend
with the color of the coat. Yellow or any other color is faulty. Prominent pop
eyes are faulty. Lower eyelids should neither turn in nor out since both
conditions allow seeds and dust to irritate the eye. Lips cover the
jaws completely but are neither loose nor pendulous.
Neck and Body
Neck strong, smooth and muscular, moderately long, arched and
devoid of dewlap, broadening nicely into shoulders which are moderately laid
back. This is mandatory to maintain balance with the moderately angulated
hindquarters. Body is strong and well proportioned. Withers high. While
the Vizsla may appear square, when measured from point of breastbone to point of
buttocks and from the highest point over the shoulder blades to the ground, the
Vizsla is slightly longer than tall. A proper proportion of leg length to body
length is essential to the desired overall balance of the Vizsla. The Vizsla
should not appear long and low or tall and leggy. Backline firm with a slight
rise over a short and well muscled loin. The croup is gently rounded to the set
on of the tail and is not steep, sunken or flat. When moving at a trot, a
properly built Vizsla maintains a steady, level backline. Chest
moderately broad and deep reaching down to the elbows. Ribs well-sprung and
carried well back; underline exhibiting a slight tuck-up beneath the
loin. Tail set just below the level of the croup, thicker at the root
and docked one-third off. Ideally, it should reach to the back of the stifle
joint and when moving it should be carried at or near the horizontal, not
vertically or curled over the back, nor between the legs. A docked tail is
Shoulder blades proportionately long and wide sloping moderately
back and fairly close at the top. Upper arm is about equal in length to the
shoulder blade in order to allow for good extension. Forelegs straight
and muscular with elbows close. Feet cat-like, round and compact with toes
close. Nails brown and short. Pads thick and tough. The removal of dewclaws, if
any, on front and rear feet, is strongly recommended, in order to avoid injury
when running in the field.
Hind legs have well developed thighs with moderately angulated
stifles and hocks in balance with the moderately laid back shoulders. They must
be straight as viewed from behind. Too much angulation at the hocks is as faulty
as too little. The hocks are let down and parallel to each other.
Short, smooth, dense and close-lying, without woolly undercoat. A
distinctly long coat is a disqualification.
Golden rust in varying shades. Lighter shadings over the sides of the neck
and shoulders giving the appearance of a "saddle" are common. Solid dark
mahogany and pale yellow are faulty. White on the forechest, preferably as small
as possible, and white on the toes are permissible. Solid white extending
above the toes or white anywhere else on the dog except the forechest is a
disqualification. When viewing the dog from the front, white markings on
the forechest must be confined to an area from the top of the sternum to a point
between the elbows when the dog is standing naturally. White extending on
the shoulders or neck is a disqualification. White due to aging or scarring
must not be faulted. The Vizsla is self-colored, with the color of the eyes,
eye-rims, lips, nose, toenails and pads of feet blending with the color of the
Far reaching, light footed, graceful and smooth. When moving at a fast
trot, a properly built dog single tracks.
The ideal male is 22 to 24 inches at the highest point over the shoulder
blades. The ideal female is 21 to 23 inches. Because the Vizsla is meant to
be a medium-sized hunter, any dog measuring more than 1 ½ inches over or under
these limits must be disqualified.
A natural hunter endowed with a good nose and above-average ability to
take training. Lively, gentle-mannered, demonstrably affectionate and sensitive
though fearless with a well developed protective instinct. Shyness, timidity or
nervousness should be penalized.
The foregoing describes the ideal Vizsla. Any deviation from this ideal
must be penalized to the extent of the deviation. Deviations that impact
performance and function should be considered more serious than those that
affect only appearance.
Partially or completely black nose.
Solid white extending above the toes or white anywhere else on the dog
except the forechest.
White extending on the shoulders or neck.
A distinctly long coat.
Any male over 25 ½ inches, or under 20 ½ inches and any female over 24 ½
inches or under 19 ½ inches at the highest point over the shoulder blades